General Info


In this season of the year the climate is normally very pleasant in Lucca (min. 12°C, max 25°C).


Italian currency is the Euro (EUR; symbol €), which is divided into 100 cents.
Notes are in denominations of €500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5. Coins are in denominations of €2 and 1, and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.


Electricity in Italy, as in the rest of Europe, comes out of the wall socket at 220 volts alternating at a 50 cycles per second.
To use small electrical appliances, you may need a plug adapter or power converter.

Entry Formalities (Passport, Visa and Invitation)

To enter Italy, a passport valid for at least six months beyond the length of stay is required by all non-EU nationals.
EU citizens should hold a valid national ID card. The invitation letter is intended to help potential attendees obtain travel funds or a visa, and does not constitute any financial commitment on the part of the conference.

First Aid and Emergency

In the event of a medical emergency, please go directly to the Registration desk.
The medical emergency number in Italy is 118.
The emergency Police number is 113.

Health Insurance

It is recommended that participants arrange their own health and accident coverage before leaving home through a local travel agent or medical association.


The BEPU-2024 registration fees DO NOT include provisions for the insurance of participants against personal injuries, sickness and theft or property damage. This also applies to any event held during the conference period.
Participants and accompanying persons are advised to arrange for insurance they consider necessary. Neither the BEPU-2018 Organizing Committee, nor its sponsors nor committee members assume any responsibility for loss, injury or damage to persons or belongings, however caused.

Lost and Found

Lost and found articles may be taken to the conference Registration Desk. Any items left at the Registration Desk upon completion of the conference, will be stored by BEPU-2024 Organizing Committee.


2000 BEST ESTIMATE Washington DC USA
2004 BEST ESTIMATE Washington DC USA
2018 BEPU 2018 Lucca Italy