Journal Publications 2023

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Alan Matias Avelar a, Camila Diniz a, Fábio de Camargo b, Claudia Giovedi c, Alfredo Abe c, Marco Cherubini d, Alessandro Petruzzi d, Marcelo Breda Mourão a


a Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of São Paulo, Professor Mello Moraes, 2463 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
b Amazônia Azul Tecnologias de Defesa S.A., Corifeu de Azevedo Marques, 1847 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
c Nuclear and Energy Research Institute, University of São Paulo, Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
d Nuclear and Industrial Engineering, Via della Chiesa XXXII 759, 55100 Lucca, Italy

Nuclear Engineering and Design, Volume 411, September 2023, 112414

Abstract — Uncertainty analysis is applied in the licensing process for nuclear installations to complement best estimate analysis and to verify that the upper bound value is less than the threshold corresponding to the safety parameter of interest. Metal-water reaction is a critical safety phenomenon of water-cooled nuclear reactors at accident conditions, e.g. Loss-Of-Coolant Accidents (LOCA). AISI 348 cladding is able to increase the accident tolerance comparing to Zr-based alloys and differently from other accident tolerant fuel cladding options, there is operational experience of nuclear power plants with stainless steel. In this study, a transient oxidation experiment of AISI 348 by steam was conducted and the major sources of uncertainty were addressed. An evaluation model was developed to calculate the evolution of mass gain during the experiment. Meanwhile, uncertainty propagation of experimental data was performed. The results show that the mass gain predicted by the transient metal-water reaction model lays within the experimental data uncertainty band. Furthermore, the selection of the oxidation kinetics model seems to be important whether the analysis wills to provide conservative results.